Hypotheses 2 and 3 proposed that employees in mixed-gender dyads would receive lower performance ratings than employees in same-gender dyads and that mixed-gender dyads would moderate the effects of LMX on performance ratings. We found that, in comparison to men with male supervisors, only women with male supervisors have a statistically significant difference in ratings and in fact the ratings are higher. As shown in table 3 models 1a and 1b, women with male supervisors received higher ratings on both in-role performance (? = 0.17, t = 3.26, p < .01) and ICB (? = 0.15, t = 3.04, p < .01) than that of men with male supervisors. In addition, the interaction effect of LMX and gender dyad was significant for women with a male supervisor. The coefficients for the interaction of LMX with mixed-gender dyads comprised of a male supervisor and female subordinate on ratings of in-role performance (? = ?0.15, t = ?2.50, p < .05) and ICB (? = ?0.17, t = ?2.59, p < .05) were negative and statistically significant, which suggested that the strength of the relationship between LMX and performance ratings for women with male supervisors was weaker than that for men with male supervisors.
Within these models, the relationship anywhere between LMX and performance stays tall and you may self-confident, and you may lady having men supervisors however discovered highest abilities product reviews than guys which have male administrators
In order to compare the gender dyad groups to other base groups (female supervisors with female subordinates and female supervisors with male subordinates), we also conducted supplemental regression analyses, results of which are shown in Appendix 2. This analysis enables us to determine whether the differences for women with male supervisors still Manchester free hookup apps holds true when compared against men and women with female supervisors. The supplemental analyses indicated that women with male supervisors received significantly higher ratings of in-role performance than women (? = 0.12, t = 2.02, p < .05) or men (? = 0.25, t = 3.66, p < .01) with female supervisors. Women with male supervisors also received higher ratings of ICB than women (? = 0.10, t = 1.78, p < .10) or men (? = 0.16, t = 2.63, p < .05) with female supervisors. One additional finding that emerged was that men with female supervisors received significantly lower ratings on in-role performance than women with female supervisors (? = ?0.12, t = 2.07, p < .05). We also conducted supplemental analyses that indicated that the interaction effect of LMX and dyadic gender for women with male supervisors was significant in comparison to men and women with female supervisors (see Models 3a, 3b, 4a, and 4b in Appendix 2). Taken altogether, our results provided mixed support for Hypotheses 2 and 3.
Because the shown in the figures 2a and you may 2b, to have subordinates who had a top-quality connection with its management, management and you will under intercourse did not have people effect on efficiency ratings
Numbers 2a and 2b promote visual representations of the relationships regarding LMX and you may dyad sex to the recommendations from personnel in the-role overall performance and you may ICB. As the pattern of one’s interaction effects based in the analyses is actually similar all over the regression models-that’s, the latest interaction title ranging from LMX and you can dyad intercourse for women that have male executives somewhat linked to overall performance in comparison with men having men managers and you will people which have female executives-to get parsimonious we area just the marginal effects for the connections off LMX that have men supervisor and you may ladies under facing you to getting male manager and you can men using to the critiques away from during the-part show and you can ICB. Simply put, high-LMX professionals received powerful studies no matter whether or otherwise not these were in the a blended- or same-gender dyad. However, this is incorrect to own lowest-LMX personnel. When the dating quality is lowest, people which have a masculine management obtained highest in the-character abilities and you will ICB behavior product reviews than boys which have a masculine manager.